KAJIAN KELAPA SAWIT DAN PEREKONOMIAN DESA DI DAERAH RIAU

Almasdi Syahza: Perhatian pemerintah terhadap sektor pertanian cukup serius, hal tersebut disebabkan sebagian besar (sekitar 70%) masyarakat Indonesia hidup di daerah pedesaan yang bermata pencaharian dari sektor pertanian (perkebunan, perikanan, peternakan, tanaman pangan, hortikultura, kehutanan). Karena itu perkembangan sektor pertanian … Continue reading

STATUS, EXPLORATION POTENTIAL AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT OF KURAU (Eleutheronema tetradactylum) FISH IN OVERFISHING AREA (CASE STUDY IN BENGKALIS DISTRICT, RIAU PROVINCE)

By: Pareng Rengi, Usman M. Tang, Almasdi Syahza, and Yusni Ikhwan.

The research was conducted in Bengkalis District which is a strategic area in Riau Province. The coastal waters of this area is located in the Strait of Malacca and known as WPP 571. Its strategic position of the area is faced with the problem of overfishing, including the fishery resources of Kurau (Eleutheronema tetradactylum). This research was conducted by using case study method. The purpose of the research was to get the Kurau fishery resources management strategy formulation by knowing; 1) exploration potency of Kurau fish resources; 2) management strategy and sustainable utilization of Kurau fish. The bioeconomic and tiered process (AHP) analysis were used in the present study. The results showed that Kurau fish has experienced overfishing by 33.42%, the natural growth rate of Kurau fish was 0.614, capture power coefficient was 0.00000020 whilst the carrying capacity coefficient was 28 820. Fishery management potency of Kurau according to MEY regime was 15,321.34 tons with catches of 4,407.72 tons and total fishing effort as much as 141,949 trips. The formulation of management strategy of Kurau fishery resources is by giving greater attention to the process of policy formulation. This alternative strategy mean that the local government policies both that devoted exclusively to the management of Kurau fish or other fishery resources should be in favour with the sustainable factor.

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ACCELERATION STRATEGIES FOR RURAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT THROUGH THE DEVELOPMENT OF NATURAL RUBBER INDUSTRY IN RIAU PROVINCE

By: Almasdi Syahza and Brilliant Asmit. Abstract: The rapid development of agricultural sector in Riau province especially in palm oil commodity had taken over the place of natural rubber cultivation. Since natural rubber cultivation was still run and managed traditionally, … Continue reading

ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF AGROFORESTRY OF MERANTI (SHOREA LEPROSULA MIQ) PLANTED AMONG OIL PALM TREES AS A MODEL FOR DEVELOPMENT OF ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY OIL PALM PLANTATION IN THE RIAU PROVINCE, INDONESIA

By: Robin Takaweian, Almasdi Syahza, Usman Pato, Mubarak.

Abstract: The growth of oil palm plantations in Riau Province is a great opportunity to optimize the use of space and land by inserting meranti (S. leprosula) tree among the palm oil plants. The study was aimed to economic analyze the agroforestry of meranti planted among the oil palm trees as a model for development of oil palm plantations. This research was carried out in a mixed meranti-palm oil plantation privately owned by a farmer at the Village of Pasir Jaya, Sub-district of Rambah Hilir, Rokan Hulu Regency, Riau Province, Indonesia. The surveys and structured interviews were used to identify the management of oil palm plantations owned by the community. Economic valuation approach was used to determine the economic analysis of the management of oil palm plantations owned by the community. The results of study showed that agroforestry of meranti planted among the palm oil plants were able to provide additional benefits revealed from the economic value of meranti tree as Bank of Replanting of IDR. 56,017,737. The value of BCR of this agroforestry system was greater than the value of BCR on the monoculture system of about 3.1 compared to 2.7. The development model of this agroforestry system is economically feasible and beneficial and can also be implemented on a broader scale of oil palm plantations both in main estate and plasma estate.

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STRATEGI PERCEPATAN PEMBANGUNAN EKONOMI MELALUI PENATAAN KELEMBAGAAN DAN INDUSTRI KARET ALAM DI PROPINSI RIAU

Perkembangan sektor pertanian khususnya komoditi kelapa sawit di Daerah Riau telah menggeser usahatani komoditi karet alam. Perkebunan karet di Riau masih di kelola secara tradisional. Pengelolaannya dilakukan secara sederhana. Tingkat produktivitasnya  rendah, yaitu sekitar 738 kg/ha/tahun.  Kurangnya perawatan menyebabkan kualitas … Continue reading