Almasdi Syahza, Suwondo, Djaimi Bakce, Besri Nasrul, Riyadi Mustofa
The majority of regions in Riau Province are coastal areas and many communities live on land that is dominated by peat. Peat ecosystems have unique characteristics, as they are classified as wetland areas, while also possessing regions of terrestrial land. Poor maintenance of these ecosystems can cause a variety of issues such as forest fires, drought, flooding, biodiversity loss, increasing emissions, climate change, and social community changes. The purpose of this paper is to formulate a model of peatland utilization based on local wisdom and community welfare, in an effort to support the sustainable management of peat ecosystems in Riau Province. The main commodities of the coastal community are agriculture, coconut, rubber, oil palm, sago, coffee, cocoa, areca nut. Therefore, an understanding of the use of peatlands is needed. This is to prevent damage to the peatland ecosystem, maintain biodiversity, store carbon, produce oxygen, and manage water. Policies and strategies for managing the peat ecosystem are carried out through the development of socio-economic and community culture to realize people’s welfare based on local wisdom. The management and use of peatlands have contributed to the economy, even as the main source of livelihood for coastal communities. Utilization of peatlands based on local wisdom can maintain a sustainable peat ecosystem.
Citation: Syahza, A ., Suwondo., Bakce, D., Nasrul, B., Mustofa, R., (2020). Utilization of Peatlands Based on Local Wisdom and Community Welfare in Riau Province, Indonesia. International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning. Vol. 15, No. 7, pages. 1119-1126. https://doi.org/10.18280/ijsdp.150716