Innovation for the Development of Environmentally Friendly Oil Palm Plantation in Indonesia

Almasdi Syahza, Robin, Suwondo, Michiko Hosobuchi

Palm oil is a very common commodity in rural communities of Sumatra and Kalimantan, Indonesia, and the farming activities in these areas create a high multiplier effect and increase welfare. However, the expansion of oil palm areas puts pressure on forest and resources. Also, there is frequent deforestation in high-density forest areas in these communities. Therefore, efforts to implement sustainable development in the plantation sector need to be carried out in order to develop palm in the second cycle. One of these efforts is to implement agroforestry through planting of forestry plants between palm trees. Meanwhile, model for the development of copper meranti (Shorea leprosula Miq.) is a monoculture palm plantation that is integrated with meranti. This has ecological, economic, and social benefits, and it is in accordance with the basic concepts of environmental management. Therefore, planting copper meranti between palm trees has multiple benefits for the community, such as wood production.

Citation: Syahza, A., Robin., Suwondo., Hosobuchi, M., (2020). Innovation for the Development of Environmentally Friendly Oil Palm Plantation in Indonesia. International Symposium of Earth, Energy, Environmental Science, and Sustainable Development, The 1st JESSD Symposium, 28-29 September 2020

Video Presentation

Potential Development of Leading Commodities in Coastal Areas Riau, Indonesia

Almasdi Syahza,  Djaimi Bakce, Mitri Irianti,  Brilliant Asmit

Background and Objective: Most of the Riau Province in Indonesia is part of the community lives on peatlands. The development of plantations has caused income inequality between regions and farmers. The research objective was to examine the potential for accelerating rural economic development through the development of leading commodities in coastal areas. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted through a survey with developmental research. For accurate information performed with the Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA) method. The main commodities are based on land area, production, and the number of farmers involved in agricultural activities. The potential of superior commodities in terms of farm efficiency and opportunities to create added value for farmers. Results: The development of the agricultural sector especially plantation commodities has caused income inequality between regions and farmers, especially with oil palm, rubber, sago, and coconut farmers. The palm oil commodity has guaranteed market potential. Rubber, sago, and coconut farmers face the monopsony market. The results of the study provide information on the acceleration of economic development in coastal areas through the development of plantation commodities. Conclusion: The results of the study can be taken into consideration for policymakers for community development in coastal areas. Suitable commodities developed in coastal areas are sago, coconut, rubber, and palm oil.

Citation: Syahza, A., Bakce, B., Irianti, M., Asmit, B., (2020). Potential Development of Leading Commodities in Coastal Areas Riau, Indonesia. Journal of Applied Sciences. Volume 20, Number 5. Pages 173-181. http://doi.org/10.3923/jas.2020.173.181

Corporate Governance Mechanism And Financial Performance: Role of Earnings Management

Enni Savitri, Andreas, Almasdi Syahza, Tatang Ary Gumanti, Nik Herda Nik Abdullah

The mechanism of good corporate governance is used to prevent the management of the company from engaging in unethical actions, such as earnings management. It can be an effective way to control management. This study aims to analyze corporate governance, consisting of the size of the board of commissioners, the size of the sharia supervisory board, and the audit committee on financial performance, measured as return on assets (ROA), with earnings management as the mediating variable. The sample used for the study consists of nine Indonesian shariah banks and the period of the analysis is 2013-2017. The results of the path analysis show that the size of the board of commissioners has a negative effect on the company’s ROA. The study also finds that the size of the sharia supervisory board, audit committee and earnings management do not have significant effects on financial performance. Earnings management has a positive mediating role on the relationship between the board of commissioners, the audit committee and ROA. This finding indicates that the existence of the board of commissioners is effective in supervising the management. Thus the mechanism corporate governance can limit the managers’ discretionary behavior and prevent earnings management.

Citation: Savitri, E., Andreas, A., Syahza, A., Gumanti, T. A., Abdullah, N. H. N., (2020). Corporate Governance Mechanism And Financial Performance: Role of Earnings ManagementEntrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues. Volume 7, Number 4, Pages 3395-3409. http://doi.org/10.9770/jesi.2020.7.4(54)

Erosion Control in Sustainable Plantation Development Efforts in Siak Watershed Region, Riau Province, Indonesia

Mitri Irianti, Besri Nasrul, Almasdi Syahza

Background and Objective: The rapid development of agriculture and settlements has led to several land conversion, and one of such affected locations is upstream of the Siak watershed in Riau Province, Indonesia. Land degradation occurs due to soil erosion, which may cause flooding and drought. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the factors causing erosion and determine how to control it. Materials and Methods: The survey method of observing and measuring soil samples, vegetation, and soil conservation techniques applied in each land unit was used. Rainfall data, soil characteristics, slopes, crop management, and soil conservation techniques were collected and analyzed using USLE. Results: The results showed that the erosion in the Siak watershed is relatively high (339 tons/ ha/year). Furthermore, the plant management and soil conservation techniques did not follow the required principles, and the erosion control was determined by improving crop management and soil conservation techniques in an integrated manner at each unit of land. This step was expected to reduce erosion in the Siak watershed. Conclusion: The erosion control in open land areas resulting from clearing need to get top priority. Guidance in the form of counseling and specifically regarding the soil conservation method needs to be carried out earlier and in stages to all landowners.

Citation: Irianti, M., B. Nasrul., A. Syahza., (2020). Erosion Control in Sustainable Plantation Development Efforts in Siak Watershed Region, Riau Province, Indonesia. Asian Journal of Scientific Research. Volume 13, No 4. Pages 259-269. http://doi.org/10.3923/ajsr.2020.259.269

How supply chain moderates the relationship of entrepreneurial orientation, adaptability strategy and government interference with performance?

Enni Savitri, Nik Herda Nik Abdullah, Jamaliah Said, Almasdi Syahza, Musfialdy

The small and medium business sector plays an important role in strengthening the structure of the national economy. This sector is essentially related to the economic life of most Indonesian people. Past studies indicate that the quality of small and medium enterprises in Indonesia facing difficulties to extend their businesses due to several internal problems such as lack of human resources entrepreneurial skill, technology, management, and information. As such, based on the Resource-Based View theory, this study aims to analyze the effect of adaptability strategy, entrepreneurial orientation, and the government policy on the performance of selected small and medium enterprises. Information sharing wide supply chain management significantly and positively inserts moderating effect among the relationship between government policy, adaptability strategy, entrepreneurial orientation, and performance. Based on interviews and questionnaires distributed to 49 small and medium enterprises, this study found adaptability strategy, entrepreneurial orientation, and the government policy affects business performance. This study enriches the current literature by providing contributions and insights to understanding how Resource-Based View theory will affect the business performance of small and medium enterprises in Indonesia.

Citation: Savitri, E., Abdullah, N. H. N., Said, J., Syahza, A., Musfialdy., (2020). How supply chain moderates the relationship of entrepreneurial orientation, adaptability strategy and government interference with performance? International Journal of Supply Chain Management, Vol. 9, No. 4, Pages 355 – 362. https://ojs.excelingtech.co.uk/index.php/IJSCM/article/view/5263

The Implementation of Proper in the Environmental Management at the Area of PT RAPP Pangkalan Kerinci, Riau, Indonesia

Sofia Achnes, Isyandi, Almasdi Syahza, Ahmad Hidir

This study was aimed to analyze the implementation of Proper as part of environmental management conducted by PT. RAPP. Proper is a program created by the Ministry of Environment to assess the company’s performance rating in environmental management. This research is using a mixed method by combining quantitative and qualitative methods, supported by assessment techniques in the form of an interview, observation, and document analysis. The document analysis is done related to the proper program and CSR in the previous year. Document analysis is used to lead interview questions and as synchronizing tools between informants’ answers and existing company’s data. PT RAPP in accordance with Government Regulation No. 24 year of 2009 was located in an industrial area of Kampar Industrial Estate (KIK). PT RAPP has succeeded in achieving the green category (green certificate) which is an award given to the person responsible for environmental management more than required in the regulation (beyond compliance) through the management of the environmental system and utilization of 4R resources (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Recovery). However, in recently Proper rating’s of PT. RAPP was at the blue level, or in other words, the realization of the achievement level of the ranking has not been optimal. Environmental management system on the proper implementation in overcoming environmental pollution in PT. RAPP and the supporting and inhibiting factors in the proper implementation of PT. RAPP.

Citation: Achnes, S., Isyandi, Syahza, A., Hidir, A. (2020). The implementation of proper in the environmental management at the area of PT. Rapp pangkalan kerinci, pelalawan regency, Riau, Indonesia. Journal of Critical Reviews, Volume 7, Issue 13, Pages 817-823. https://doi.org/10.31838/jcr.07.13.141