Utilization of Peatlands Based on Local Wisdom and Community Welfare in Riau Province, Indonesia

Almasdi Syahza, Suwondo, Djaimi Bakce, Besri Nasrul, Riyadi Mustofa

The majority of regions in Riau Province are coastal areas and many communities live on land that is dominated by peat. Peat ecosystems have unique characteristics, as they are classified as wetland areas, while also possessing regions of terrestrial land. Poor maintenance of these ecosystems can cause a variety of issues such as forest fires, drought, flooding, biodiversity loss, increasing emissions, climate change, and social community changes. The purpose of this paper is to formulate a model of peatland utilization based on local wisdom and community welfare, in an effort to support the sustainable management of peat ecosystems in Riau Province. The main commodities of the coastal community are agriculture, coconut, rubber, oil palm, sago, coffee, cocoa, areca nut. Therefore, an understanding of the use of peatlands is needed. This is to prevent damage to the peatland ecosystem, maintain biodiversity, store carbon, produce oxygen, and manage water. Policies and strategies for managing the peat ecosystem are carried out through the development of socio-economic and community culture to realize people’s welfare based on local wisdom. The management and use of peatlands have contributed to the economy, even as the main source of livelihood for coastal communities. Utilization of peatlands based on local wisdom can maintain a sustainable peat ecosystem.

Citation: Syahza, A ., Suwondo., Bakce, D., Nasrul, B., Mustofa, R., (2020).  Utilization of Peatlands Based on Local Wisdom and Community Welfare in Riau Province, IndonesiaInternational Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning. Vol. 15, No. 7, pages. 1119-1126. https://doi.org/10.18280/ijsdp.150716

What’s Wrong with Palm Oil, Why is it Accused of Damaging the Environment?

Almasdi Syahza, Mitri Irianti, Suwondo, Besri Nasrul

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the strategies for empowering rural economies based on oil palm in an effort to control the potential environmental impacts in the development of oil palm plantations. The research location in Riau Province area. The commodity of palm oil is the most popular especially in the Riau region. The area of oil palm plantations in 2001 was 1,119,798 ha, increasing to 2,503,566 ha in 2017 with an average growth of 5.16% per year. Other plantations such as rubber and coconut actually experienced a decline. The expansion of the plantation area is followed by an increase in the production of crude palm oil. The CPO production capability in the Riau region is supported by 261 units of palm oil mill (POM) with a capacity of processing 12,470 tons per hour. Oil palm plantation activities contribute to the regional and national economy. Oil palm farming has proven to be able to improve the welfare of the community and reduce poverty. The government has issued a policy, the development of oil palm plantations must be in line with the goals of sustainable development (SDGs)

Citation: Syahza, A ., Irianti, M., Suwondo., Nasrul, B., (2020). What’s Wrong with Palm Oil, Why is it Accused of Damaging the Environment? Journal of Physics: Conference Series. Volume 1655, Number 012134. http://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1655/1/012134

Peatland Policy and Management Strategy to Support Sustainable Development in Indonesia

Almasdi Syahzaa, Suswondo, Djaimi Bakce, Besri Nasrul, Wawan, Mitri Irianti

The existence of peatlands plays a very important role both locally, regionally, and globally. Besides having an ecological function to maintain biodiversity and environmental balance, it also has its economic and socio-cultural functions. Furthermore, it has provided enormous benefits for life and has had positive social and economic impacts. Peat ecosystems have been damaged due to the mismanagement of land. Areas that play specific roles in its sustainability have been converted to lands for business activities, which contradicts their characteristic function. Land cover restoration policies will be useful for improving the quality of participatory-based land cover, protecting peat domes, and conserving watersheds (DAS). An increase in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, which occurs due to insufficient peatland management is a serious threat to local communities and their livelihoods. Furthermore, the ecosystem can be conserved by ensuring that water is properly managed, drainage to cultivated areas is limited and peat swamp forest systems are protected. The application of eco-hydro technology can be beneficial to biodiversity as it minimizes degradation, reduces carbon emissions, and prevents fires

Citation: Syahza, A., Suswondo., Bakce, D., Nasrul, B., Wawan., Irianti, M., (2020). Peatland Policy and Management Strategy to Support Sustainable Development in Indonesia. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. Volume 1655, Number 012151. http://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1655/1/012151

Design and Modelling and to Improve Battery Charging Efficiency using Photovoltaics

Azriyenni Azhari Zakri, Almasdi Syahza, Dirman Hanafi, Hanggun Syahadad

In order to make the charging process of the battery easier, it needs to possess a design tool with suitable characteristics. One of the main characteristics of the battery is the State of Charge (SoC) or simply the battery capacity, which is calculated with the help of the initial voltage value. In this process, a 100Wp photovoltaic panel with 12V DC voltage is applied. The method used is experimental and simulation/modeling, and its purpose is to optimize the efficiency of the process of battery charging. Furthermore, the Arduino microcontroller, which functions are a detector during battery charging, was used to determine the current and voltage sensor controller circuit. The voltage and SoC on the battery are automatically monitored via the LCD and on the SD card using the data logger shield module. ICM algorithm used for modeling-simulation in this study is one of the MPPT type used by photovoltaic systems that work at optimum conditions, thereby producing maximum power. The results showed that the battery charging simulation increased by 0.05% every 30 minutes. Furthermore, the simulation validation using Matlab/Simulink is carried out with data in accordance with the prototype design, at an efficiency of 88.37%.

Citation: Zakri, A. A., Syahza, A ., Hanafi, D.,  Syahadad, H., (2020). Design and Modelling and to Improve Battery Charging Efficiency using PhotovoltaicsTechnology Reports of Kansai University, Volume 62, Issue 08, Pages 4667- 4677

Innovation for the Development of Environmentally Friendly Oil Palm Plantation in Indonesia

Almasdi Syahza, Robin, Suwondo, Michiko Hosobuchi

Palm oil is a very common commodity in rural communities of Sumatra and Kalimantan, Indonesia, and the farming activities in these areas create a high multiplier effect and increase welfare. However, the expansion of oil palm areas puts pressure on forest and resources. Also, there is frequent deforestation in high-density forest areas in these communities. Therefore, efforts to implement sustainable development in the plantation sector need to be carried out in order to develop palm in the second cycle. One of these efforts is to implement agroforestry through planting of forestry plants between palm trees. Meanwhile, model for the development of copper meranti (Shorea leprosula Miq.) is a monoculture palm plantation that is integrated with meranti. This has ecological, economic, and social benefits, and it is in accordance with the basic concepts of environmental management. Therefore, planting copper meranti between palm trees has multiple benefits for the community, such as wood production.

Citation: Syahza, A., Robin., Suwondo., Hosobuchi, M., (2020). Innovation for the Development of Environmentally Friendly Oil Palm Plantation in Indonesia. International Symposium of Earth, Energy, Environmental Science, and Sustainable Development, The 1st JESSD Symposium, 28-29 September 2020

Video Presentation

Potential Development of Leading Commodities in Coastal Areas Riau, Indonesia

Almasdi Syahza,  Djaimi Bakce, Mitri Irianti,  Brilliant Asmit

Background and Objective: Most of the Riau Province in Indonesia is part of the community lives on peatlands. The development of plantations has caused income inequality between regions and farmers. The research objective was to examine the potential for accelerating rural economic development through the development of leading commodities in coastal areas. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted through a survey with developmental research. For accurate information performed with the Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA) method. The main commodities are based on land area, production, and the number of farmers involved in agricultural activities. The potential of superior commodities in terms of farm efficiency and opportunities to create added value for farmers. Results: The development of the agricultural sector especially plantation commodities has caused income inequality between regions and farmers, especially with oil palm, rubber, sago, and coconut farmers. The palm oil commodity has guaranteed market potential. Rubber, sago, and coconut farmers face the monopsony market. The results of the study provide information on the acceleration of economic development in coastal areas through the development of plantation commodities. Conclusion: The results of the study can be taken into consideration for policymakers for community development in coastal areas. Suitable commodities developed in coastal areas are sago, coconut, rubber, and palm oil.

Citation: Syahza, A., Bakce, B., Irianti, M., Asmit, B., (2020). Potential Development of Leading Commodities in Coastal Areas Riau, Indonesia. Journal of Applied Sciences. Volume 20, Number 5. Pages 173-181. http://doi.org/10.3923/jas.2020.173.181