Analysis of Plantation Management Achievement Based on Sustainable Development

Wiwik Widiati; Aras Mulyadi; Almasdi Syahza; Mubarak 

The objective of this study is to analyze sustainability achievement level of palm oil plantation management based on integration principle and criteria of ISPO and RSPO. The sustainable development on palm oil are presented through 5-dimensional these are legality of plantation business, management of plantation, management and monitoring of environment, responsibility towards workers and social responsibility and community empowerment. This study was conducted in 5 estates and 3 palm oil mill of state own company in Riau Province. The study was conducted through audit method using checklist of plantation management on sustainable development standard. Results of descriptive analysis showed that the implementation standards based on sustainable development dimensions of palm oil showed achievement level of 82.43%. This achievement became a baseline for management to improve their performance which was focused on the attributes in each dimension. This study is relevant to be implemented on similar industries, due to the checklist instrument is easily adopted for assessing the plantation management achievements based on sustainable development standard.

Citation: Widiati, W., Mulyadi, A., Syahza,A., Mubarak,M., (2020),  Analysis of Plantation Management Achievement Based on Sustainable Development, International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning, Volume 15, Nomer 4, Pages 575-584. https://doi.org/10.18280/ijsdp.150418

Development of palm oil sector and future challenge in Riau Province, Indonesia

Almasdi Syahza, Brilliant Asmit

The development of palm oil plantations results in land conversion, posing potential erosion. In anticipating environmental damage, the Government of Indonesia imposes the Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO) policy. The results of the ISPO policy show that Indonesian crude palm oil products are environmentally friendly. This research is one of few studies that investigate the development of the palm oil sector and future challenge in Riau Province, Indonesia. Riau Province still needs 13 units of palm oil mills with a capacity of 60 tons per hour. Find strategies to regulate palm oil farming institutions and derivative products to enhance growth and economic development in the region and find production centers and development areas for palm oil local industries in potential regions.

Citation: Syahza, A. and Asmit, B. (2020), “Development of palm oil sector and future challenge in Riau Province, Indonesia”, Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp. 149-170. https://doi.org/10.1108/JSTPM-07-2018-0073

Corporate Governance Mechanism And Financial Performance: Role of Earnings Management

Enni Savitri, Andreas, Almasdi Syahza, Tatang Ary Gumanti, Nik Herda Nik Abdullah

The mechanism of good corporate governance is used to prevent the management of the company from engaging in unethical actions, such as earnings management. It can be an effective way to control management. This study aims to analyze corporate governance, consisting of the size of the board of commissioners, the size of the sharia supervisory board, and the audit committee on financial performance, measured as return on assets (ROA), with earnings management as the mediating variable. The sample used for the study consists of nine Indonesian shariah banks and the period of the analysis is 2013-2017. The results of the path analysis show that the size of the board of commissioners has a negative effect on the company’s ROA. The study also finds that the size of the sharia supervisory board, audit committee and earnings management do not have significant effects on financial performance. Earnings management has a positive mediating role on the relationship between the board of commissioners, the audit committee and ROA. This finding indicates that the existence of the board of commissioners is effective in supervising the management. Thus the mechanism corporate governance can limit the managers’ discretionary behavior and prevent earnings management.

Citation: Savitri, E., Andreas, A., Syahza, A., Gumanti, T. A., Abdullah, N. H. N., (2020). Corporate Governance Mechanism And Financial Performance: Role of Earnings Management, Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues. Volume 7, Number 4, Pages 3395-3409. http://doi.org/10.9770/jesi.2020.7.4(54)

The Development of Market Place Activity Models in Social Sciences Subjects

Tika Susanti, Almasdi Syahza, Suarman

The learning model is very important in the teaching and learning process. The use of the proper model will arouse students’ enthusiasm and interest in learning. However, the learning model still has weaknesses that affect students’ cognitive development, hence it is necessary to develop the learning model. The purpose of this research is to develop a market place activity learning model by using a 4-D model consisting of define, design, development in social science subjects at SMP IT Syahruddiniyah Kampar Kiri Hilir. The respondents were 48 students from class VIIIa and VIIId. Based on data presentation and data analysis, the development of the model carried out is valid. The results value obtained from the aspect of model development 81%, the aspect of model effectiveness 98%, and the aspects of model efficiency 90%.

Citation: Susanti, T., Syahza, A., and Suarman. (2020). The Development of Market Place Activity Models in Social Sciences Subjects. Journal of Educational Sciences, Vol 4, No 2, pp 426-435. https://doi.org/10.31258/jes.4.2.p.426-435

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Application of Weather Modification Technology for Peatlands Fires Mitigation in Riau, Indonesia

Sigit Sutikno; Ilvi Rahmi Amalia; Ari Sandhyavitri; Almasdi Syahza; Heru Widodo; and Tri Handoko Seto

This paper presents the application of weather modification technology (WMT) for mitigation of peatlands fire in Riau Province, Indonesia. The application of WMT has been conducted to reduce the fire disaster risks which were very rare to be implemented in the world. The province of Riau which is about 56% covered with peatlands, is very vulnerable against haze disasters caused by peatlands fires. Peatlands are fragile ecosystems formed over thousands of years by the accumulation of dense wet plant material. When drained or cleared by fire for commercial plantations, such as for palm oil or pulpwood, the carbon is released into the atmosphere. In 2013-2015, Indonesia experienced its most serious fires in some years, worsened by dry weather caused by an El Nino phenomenon, and cloaked large stretches of Southeast Asia in choking smog for mounts. The history proved that the peatlands fires only can be stopped completely by rainfall. On the other hand, the peatland fires usually occur in the dry season that rainfall is very rare. The technology of artificial precipitation has an important role to solve this kind of natural disaster. The aim of this research is to study the impact of the application of the WMT on increasing precipitation for mitigation of peatlands fire in Riau Province. The analysis was focused on the Kepulauan Meranti and Siak Regency which are very severe peatland fire in 2014, 2015, and 2016. This research found that the application of weather modification technology could increase precipitation occurrence and significantly reduce peatland fire in Riau. The increasing rainfall value (PCH) in Kepulauan Meranti Regency was 1.019, 1.08, 0.68, and 1.649 during the four times WMT application from 2014 to 2016. However, the PCH value in Siak Regency during the four times WMT application in 2014 to 2016 was 1.127, 0.7, 0.66, and 1.88.

Citation:  Sutikno, S., Amalia, I. R., Sandhyavitri, A., Syahza, A., Widodo, H., Seto. T. H. (2020). Application of Weather Modification Technology for Peatlands Fires Mitigation in Riau, Indonesia, AIP Conference Proceedings, Volume  2227, No 030007, page 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0002137

Model Pengembangan Daerah Tertinggal dalam Upaya Percepatan Pembangunan Ekonomi Pedesaan

Almasdi Syahza, Suarman

Poverty is phenomenal problem in the history of Indonesia as a nation-state. The poverty causes neglected and isolated areas where development disparity appears and affects the increasing lag of poor villages. One of the regencies in the Province of Riau felt this condition is Regency of Kepulauan Meranti. In most of the villages, there are 59 villages (80.82%), are disadvantaged areas. The total of the household is 45,564, and 56.76% of them (25,863 households) are poor which consists of 114,496 souls. Whereas this area has a strategic geographic location because it is in the line of shipping and international trade Selat Malaka, near to neighbor country Malaysia and Singapore, and has potential as hinterland area of free trade zone Batam, Bintan, and Karimun (FTZ-BBK). The purpose of this research is to arrange the strategic plan model of disadvantaged area development in the effort of accelerating rural economic development. The research conducted through a survey by using development research. The technique used for sampling is the purposive sampling method and the analysis method used for this research is the method of quantitative and qualitative descriptive. The research found that the strategy of rural area development in an effort to spur economic growth is a cross-sectoral approach in all fields. In addition, the research also found the model of decreasing the number of poor families by referring to four strategy principles of decreasing the number of poor families.

Citation: Syahza, A., Suarman., (2014). Model Pengembangan Daerah Tertinggal dalam Upaya Percepatan Pembangunan Ekonomi Pedesaan, Ekuitas: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan. Vol 18, No 3, page 365-386. http://dx.doi.org/10.24034/j25485024.y2014.v18.i3.154