STATUS, EXPLORATION POTENTIAL AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT OF KURAU (Eleutheronema tetradactylum) FISH IN OVERFISHING AREA (CASE STUDY IN BENGKALIS DISTRICT, RIAU PROVINCE)

By: Pareng Rengi, Usman M. Tang, Almasdi Syahza, and Yusni Ikhwan.

The research was conducted in Bengkalis District which is a strategic area in Riau Province. The coastal waters of this area is located in the Strait of Malacca and known as WPP 571. Its strategic position of the area is faced with the problem of overfishing, including the fishery resources of Kurau (Eleutheronema tetradactylum). This research was conducted by using case study method. The purpose of the research was to get the Kurau fishery resources management strategy formulation by knowing; 1) exploration potency of Kurau fish resources; 2) management strategy and sustainable utilization of Kurau fish. The bioeconomic and tiered process (AHP) analysis were used in the present study. The results showed that Kurau fish has experienced overfishing by 33.42%, the natural growth rate of Kurau fish was 0.614, capture power coefficient was 0.00000020 whilst the carrying capacity coefficient was 28 820. Fishery management potency of Kurau according to MEY regime was 15,321.34 tons with catches of 4,407.72 tons and total fishing effort as much as 141,949 trips. The formulation of management strategy of Kurau fishery resources is by giving greater attention to the process of policy formulation. This alternative strategy mean that the local government policies both that devoted exclusively to the management of Kurau fish or other fishery resources should be in favour with the sustainable factor.

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